Developed in-house, our STIHL lithium-ion batteries are unique powerhouses for long-lasting power tools. Learn more about our game-changing lithium-ion batteries here.
To start, we have put together a brief overview of everything relating to the structure and functionality of lithium-ion batteries.
A lithium-ion battery consists of many cells.
A lithium-ion battery consists of many cells, each of which has two electrodes: a negative anode and a positive cathode. During discharge and charging processes, an electrolyte liquid conveys lithium ions between these two electrodes.
The electrodes are also electronically isolated by a separator to prevent a short circuit.
When lithium-ion batteries are used, lithium ions and electrons are emitted on the anode side – a discharge process takes place. The lithium ions migrate through the electrolyte liquid and separator to the cathode, while the electrons flow through the outer circuit and perform electrical work. This process generates electromotive power, which drives the cordless power tool.
The procedure works in exactly the opposite way when charging the battery: the lithium ions now migrate from the cathode through the electrolyte liquid to the anode.
STIHL lithium-ion batteries are not disposable, but are in fact characterised by a particularly long service life and durability – a major advantage in terms of sustainability. When it comes to charging, lithium-ion batteries are suitable for up to 1,200 charging cycles. Thanks to the latest cell technology, the STIHL AP 500 S battery can even withstand up to 2,400 charging cycles.
The above-average service life of STIHL lithium-ion batteries reflects their special product quality. STIHL battery packs can also be used with many different STIHL cordless power tools – both older and newer power tool generations. Developed specifically for STIHL power tools, our battery packs not only offer enormous reliability, but are also a real long-term investment.
You may have heard before that deep discharge, or the almost total discharge of a battery, can damage the battery. At STIHL, however, we rely on cutting-edge battery technology. The self-discharge of our lithium-ion cells is negligibly low – 1% to 3% per year, meaning that your STIHL battery is generally reliably protected against deep discharge.
We nonetheless recommend that you store lithium-ion batteries correctly. If the battery will not be used for more than a month, it should be kept at a charge level between 40% and 60% to prolong the life of the cells.
It is best to store batteries at a charge level of between 40 and 60%.
Even when fully discharged, modern STIHL batteries are generally fine being stored for a few months over the winter without resulting in deep discharge. The BMS, or intelligent Battery Management System, plays an important role here.
The BMS monitors both the continuous operation of the lithium-ion battery within a predetermined range and the voltage of the cells. If the voltage in the battery cells drops too far, the battery automatically switches to idle state and interrupts the discharging process, which prevents deep discharge.
To help prolong the service life of your STIHL batteries, we recommend storing them at an ambient temperature of approx. 20°C. This means that full performance is available even immediately after storage. In principle it is possible to store battery packs within a temperature range of -20°C to +50°C, although functional and service life losses can be expected at the extreme ends of this range.
Though they have a long service life, eventually your lithium-ion batteries will need to be disposed of or recycled. You can find all the relevant information about dispoing of worn-out STIHL lithium-ion batteries here.
Concerns persist about a memory effect in batteries – but what’s the truth? The memory effect is a loss of capacity in nickel-cadmium batteries caused by early charging. If batteries of this kind are not completely discharged before they are recharged, they “remember” the energy requirements from the last charging processes and only use this amount of energy when charging, causing them to quickly lose capacity and become unusable.
However, this effect does not occur in STIHL lithium-ion batteries, which represent the cutting edge of battery technology.
Do you still have questions about technical matters? Read more about the memory effect in our guide.
Lithium-ion batteries are batteries that utilise the movement of lithium-ion and electrons between an anode and a cathode. An electrolyte liquid transports the lithium ions between the two electrodes during the discharging and charging processes. In addition, the electrodes are electronically isolated by a separator to prevent a short circuit.
Lithium-ion batteries consist of two electrodes, a negative anode and a positive cathode, as well as electrolytes and a separator.
Lithium-ion batteries work by transporting lithium ions through an electrolyte liquid within the battery cell. The movement of the ions and the electrons between the anode and cathode produces electromotive power.
STIHL lithium-ion batteries usually have up to 1,200 charging cycles, and in some cases even up to 2,400.
To produce lithium-ion batteries, all battery cells are moved into the correct position and, in the case of STIHL batteries, welded together using laser welding.
Lithium-ion batteries are used in a wide range of areas, including electric cars, e-bikes, smartphones, laptops and digital cameras. STIHL uses lithium-ion batteries in cordless power tools such as chainsaws, lawn mowers, hedge trimmers and many other garden tools.
The question as to how dangerous lithium-ion batteries are and whether they can burn or explode due to crystalline deposits on the negative electrode arises time and again. In fact the risk of fire is negligible, as STIHL batteries have been developed to the highest safety and quality standards.